For those that love the outdoors, it’s necessary to be prepared for any unexpected situation. On the other hand, if you are not the outdoor type, you will still want to be prepared for any type of natural disaster that might force you to spend some time away from home.
An outdoor survival kit is the best way to ensure that you are always prepared for the worst since some situations can take a while to clear up and emergency rescuers may not have easy access to where you are during a disaster.
If you are not sure what to look for and what else to include in your survival kit, here is an outdoor survival kit list guide to assist you.
Most common natural disasters:
⦁ Heat waves – The effects of global warming can be felt across the globe and if you are out in the open on a very hot day, you may suffer from heat exhaustion, sunstroke, dehydration, etc. if you aren’t well-prepared.
⦁ Droughts – For citizens in the US, one of the worst disasters in living memory was the Dust Bowl which made conditions so unbearable that people were housebound for many days and many people and animals perished. If a region is suffering from drought, one of the first things that come to mind is to not run out of water and to be protected from the dust particles.
⦁ Floods – Flooding is one of those natural phenomena that can happen in no time. It can cut off areas making it difficult for help to reach them. Campers should always be careful near river beds during the rainy season as rivers can flood from rains upstream.
⦁ Earthquakes – Areas that are prone to earthquakes have small seismic activity often, but when a big earthquake happens, the aftershocks may send the residents out of their homes and into the outdoors, unable to return for many days, until the aftershocks subside.
⦁ Thunderstorms- Often accompanied by high winds, lightning and hail thunderstorms can wreak havoc on homes, electricity supply and uproot trees in an area, cutting it off for a few days.
⦁ Wildfires – Most frequently caused by dry weather and droughts, devastating wildfires are increasing yearly globally and they destroy forests and abodes.
⦁ Hurricanes and Tornadoes – Both these natural disasters are devastating with their high wind speeds and torrential rain. Your home will have to be boarded up and you may need to move to a safer area until the danger passes.
⦁ Volcanoes – The environment can be completely destroyed for a long time to come after an eruption. Volcanoes have destroyed cities and civilizations in the past and they even change the weather patterns in a region.
⦁ Winter freeze – Extremely cold weather and blizzards can leave people stranded in their homes, vehicles, and airports. In the event of a power outage, the frigid temperatures can lead to hypothermia and death.
What to put in your survival kit
In order to make it through a disaster, you will have to be well-prepared beforehand. Survival kits should be put together in such a way as to ensure that they can offer all the necessary provisions for at least 72 hours. Remember to check your survival kit often and to replace any essentials that may have been used or that have expired.
1. Food and water
No one can survive without water, so bottled water is the first essential for your survival kit. Bottled water can last for up to two years. You may prefer a portable water filtration system. Food is the next essential item and canned food will last for up to five years. Both canned food and water have expiration dates. Check the items once a year and throw out expired items.
2. Emergency lighting
You will need to be able to light up the area during a disaster. Candles (look for those that burn for up to 30 hours) and waterproof matches are ideal. Flashlights are easier and safer to use, but you will have to check their batteries regularly and make sure to have spare batteries as well. If you have a rechargeable flashlight then a portable power charger with crank works well. It will also help keep your cell phone and radio charged.
3. Means of communication
Your cell phone may prove useless after the battery has gone down or the tower in the area has been affected, so a CB radio will be a good item to have for communication. A portable radio with spare batteries or solar powered will keep you updated on the latest developments in the area and when it’s safe to return.
4. Sleeping bag
A combination of a camping sleeping bag and a space blanket is the best way to keep warm, especially if the weather is cold. Body-warmers also help keep you warm.
5. Tools for survival
Every good survival kit has a good pocket knife. The more the functions the more prepared you will be to open cans, cut material, and rope, etc. You will also need a dust mask to avoid breathing in dust particles, nylon rope, and a whistle to be able to alert rescuers to where you are. Sun block, hats and a mosquito net are other essentials that should be added to a good survival kit.
6. Fire starting and general survival equipment
A fire starting stick can be a blessing when needed as matches can get wet and a lighter can run out or not work, other items that can help are a wire saw, a whistle and a basic compass.
7. First aid kit
Every survival kit needs a first aid kit. It must include gauze, antibacterial ointment, pain relief medication, bandages, hand sanitizer and gloves. These essentials will allow you to treat wounds and prevent any infections from spreading.
8. Other emergency items for survival
You might want to place a few non-essential items in your survival kit that will help keep you psychologically well in the event that you are stuck somewhere for a long time. For some it might be a book or a pack of playing cards, for others it may be a pair of binoculars. Just make sure that your survival kit is not heavier than what you can carry.
9. Personal hygiene
Toothpaste, toothbrush and toilet paper are a few essentials that can be added.
Besides natural disasters, accidents can happen as you travel in your car, cruise on your boat or while on a fishing or camping trip. Make sure that you have a survival kit readily available for any type of situation.
Ready made survival kit’s
s made survival kits can be found in camping shops and are available online, they can offer you kits that can cover many situations so make sure you choose a kit that suits the situation you might find yourself in, there is no point buying a survival kit for a flood if you’re going on a winter skiing trip for example.